Technical data
Type STO, '100'
Function Fighter Bomber
Year 1939
Crew 3
Engines 2*1100hp M-105 with 2*TK-2 each
Length 12.6m
Wingspan 17.6m
Wing area 40.5m2
Empty weight 5172kg
Loaded weight 7260kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 179
Power load (kg/hp) 3.3
Speed at 0m 455km/h
Speed at 6000m 535km/h
Range (1400km)
Ceiling (12200m)
Climb
4000m 6.8min
Armament
Guns 3*7.62mm ShKAS
2*20mm ShVAK
Bombs 2*500kg
48*3" AAA shells

'100' (VI-100) by V.M.Petlyakov

48k b/w drawing from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.157

Advanced high-altitude interceptor in original configuration. To fulfill this role, (imprisoned) design team equipped the '100' (spells in Russian as STO) with two pressure cabins and TK-2 turbosuperchargers (two on each engine). Pilot occupied front cabin, gunner and navigator - the rear one. Both pilot and navigator had set of controls.

Initial armament was pure fighter-style:

Already on design stage pressure from Military resulted in a 'dive bomber bias' in the aircraft construction. In addition to offensive and defensive barrel weapons, '100' got underwing hardpoints for two bombs (up to 500kg each). Unusual armament was carried inside: two clips with 24 3inch AA-artillery shells with pre-set explosion altitude. Those shells could be used against both ground and aerial targets.

Project was approved for blueprints in mid- 1939, aircraft was ready in the end of the same year. Flight tests started on December 22, 1939 (pilot P.M.Stefanovsky). In Spring 1940 almost identical second '100' was delivered for trials. On May 1, 1940 '100' performed over Red Square at Moscow during The Worker's International Solidarity Day demonstration.

But after visit of Soviet delegation to Germany (and study of German military air doctrine) all changed for the '100'. High altitude long range interceptor was not a priority anymore. In May 1940 V.M.Petlyakov received an order to redesign '100' into front line dive bomber in 1.5 months. Order was supported by about 300 of personal, transferred from A.S.Yakovlev, S.V.Ilyushin, A.A.Arhangelsky and other teams. Confidence in the aircraft was so solid that no prototypes were built, blueprints were sent directly to factories for mass-production.

Production started on June 23, 1940, and first flights of new aircraft took place late Fall 1940. But this is a story of a different aircraft.

PredecessorsModifications
Probably

SPB
Polikarpov

Pe-2 1940

Pe-2 family

ReferencesLinks
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.156-157;
  • VI-100, Petlyakov
  • VI-100 profile in Polsky;

  • Created January 8, 1999 Back to
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