Technical data
Type An-8
Function Transport
Year 1955
Crew 6
Engines 2*4190hp AI-20D
Height 9.7m
Length 30.7m
Wingspan 37.0m
Wing area 117.2m2
Empty weight 24400kg
Loaded weight 43400kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 370
Power load (kg/hp) 5.18
Maximum Speed 520km/h
Cruise Speed 450km/h
Landing Speed 190km/h
Landing Roll ?m
Takeoff Roll ?m
Range
(max. fuel)
3900km
Range
(max.load)
1000km
Ceiling 9600m
Climb
at 0m 10.1m/sec
Payload
Fuel ?kg
Cabin size LxWxH ?m3
Seats 70
Cargo kg
Armament
Guns 2*23mm

An-8, O.K.Antonov ('Camp')

An-8 in worn Soviet markings, used by 'Antey' company from An-8 gallery

First cargo transport in the World to pioneer classic configuration: high placed wing with loading ramp under the tail. Four-wheel main undercarriage bogies, which retract into blisters on ether side of fuselage, allow operation from grass fields. Large loading door allows quickly load necessary cargo or 42...48 fully equipped paratroopers. Equipped as medium range airliner, An-8 carries 70 passangers. Navigator is placed in glazed nose, typical for Soviet aircraft chin radar is installed. Initially 5100hp NK-2M turboprops with 4-blade propellers were filled. During service, those were replaced by less powerful, but more reliable and economical 4190hp AI-20D. New engines were installed in same nacells.

An-8 was first true assault transport to serve with the Soviet Military Transport Aviations (VTA). In service since 1956, still seen in service in Germany in 1971. One is reported to be used as environment monitoring platform over North Korea during China 1966 nuclear tests.

Around 100 built, few are still in service scattered all over the World. Mostly with Russian avia-companies, some with African companies. While most An-8 used to have an overall grey color scheme with just a narrow blue cabin stripe and Aeroflot lettering applied to its side, the late second blossoming of the type in African skies may well add some more colorful liveries to the An-8 gallery.

Photo of An-8 at Monino
PredecessorsModifications
None. First of the line.
An-10

An-12

References
  • "Russian aircraft since 1940" by Jean Alexander, p.29...31;
  • Links
  • An-12 cargo plane
  • An-8, Antonov 'Camp'
  • An-8 at Virtual Aircraft Museum
  • An-8
  • THE NUCLEAR ERA -- SOVIET AIRBORNE DEVELOPMENT (1953 - 1968)
  • An-8 collection
  • Antonov An-8 "Camp"

  • Modified August 04, 1999 Back to
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