Technical data
Type ANT-1
Function technology test
Year 11923
Crew 1
Length 5.4m
Height 1.7m
Wing span 7.2m
Wing area 10.0m2
Engines 1*35hp Anzani
Empty Weight 229kg
Flight Weight 360kg
Fuel 42kg
Oil 9kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 36
Power load (kg/hp) 10.3
Speed 125km/h on ground level
Landing Speed 70km/h
Ceiling 400..600m
Range 400km
Endurance 4h

ANT-1, A.N.Tupolev

(60k) Photo from 'Krylia Rodini' January 1992;

The first aircraft, built by Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev. A.N.Tupolev started to work on this project in 1911, but started construction only in 1922. At that time he was a member of TsAGI task force, which was concentrated on all-metal aircraft designs. ANT-1 was of a mixed design, but it was the first Soviet-built aircraft including home-made metal elements (fuselage frame). Small aircraft became also a testbed for cantilever wing.

(115k) Photo from 'Krylia Rodini' January 1992;
200k b/w ANT-1 'Notes of an aircraft designer'

Flights started October 20, 1923 (E.I.Pogosskij, N.I.Petrov), performance was good. But after few flights old worn engine started losing power and was found unrepairable.

Aircraft was on exposition for a while in a museum, vanished during the Great Patriotic War, probably in 1941, when many organizations were evacuated from endangered capital.

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.363;
  • 'Krylia Rodini' January 1992
  • ANT-1 at Dmitry Levin collection;
  • Tupolev aircraft;
  • ANT-1 at the Virtual Aircraft Museum
  • 32k b/w ANT-1 from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.363;
    Used for background on this page.

    Modified August 27, 1998 Back to
    Main Gate