Technical data
Type D.Is.
Function fighter
Year 1916
Crew 1
Engines 1*150hp Hispano-Suiza
Length 7.75m
Wing Span 11.40m
Wing Area 37.0m2
Empty Weight 655kg
Max.Weight 1165kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 31.5
Power load (kg/hp) 7.7
Speed 153km/h
Takeoff roll 90m
Landing Roll 55m
Ceiling 3750m
Climb
1000m 7.5min
3000m 37.0min
Endurance 14 hours!
Armament 1-2*mg

Anatra D.Is., Anadis, Anaispano, Anatra type 15, Dekan/A.A.Anatra

Single-seat fighter, geometrically almost identical to the Anasal. Fuselage was of very different structure - it was a plywood monocoque of very clean shape. Fixed guns were installed and the engine changed.

The rear cockpit was faired over, ant there is a tail behind it. Indeed, single-seat fighter was built with exactly same size as 2-seat reconnaissater with enormous (for its class) fuel capacity. People around were puzzled. Occasionally it became known that aircraft was built as... and escape mean for designer Dekan and his mechanic Robinet! They planned to escape from Russia (where worked on contract) in case of revolution, which was expected in the second half 1916. The second cockpit was hidden under aircraft skin, not deleted.

Whistle was blown by pilot Kononenko from military acceptance team. As a result aircraft was left as single-seater.

It was lighter than Anasal by 120kg and having much better aerodynamic, it was fast and maneuverable. Its performance was similar to German fighters with much more powerful engines.

Aircraft was remained on the factory. In September 1917 cap. N.A.Makarov suggested to use it for 'commercial' flight Odessa - Saloniki - Rome - Marcel - Paris - and back to Russia. The idea was to visit front lines and factories, to see allied aviation and to represent Russian aviation - to gain better supply from allies.

Permit was granted. On October 14, 1917 aircraft was tested with 500kg load. N.A.Makarov performed his flight in November 1917 (fulfilling Dekan's plan???? It was the Bolshevik Revolt!). Unfortunately engine gave up, and aircraft crash-landed in Romania near Yassy town.

Deserves to be mentioned, that this flight was one of the very first world long distance flights, performed with all proper technical means in hands.



References:
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.193-194;


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  • Anadis, Anatra
  • D.I, Anatra

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