Technical data
Type I-16 Type 18
Function Fighter
Year 1939
Crew 1
Engines 1*800/920hp M-62
Length 6.13m
Wingspan 9.0m
Wing area 14.5m2
Empty weight 1428kg
Loaded weight 1830kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 126.2
Power load (kg/hp) 2.29
Maximum Speed (ground) 411km/h
Maximum Speed at 4800m 464km/h
Landing Speed 130km/h
Turn time 18.5sec
Takeoff roll 320m
Landing Roll 370m
Ceiling 9470m
1000m 1.8min
3000m 3.9min
5000m 6.0min
Guns 2*mg (wing) 7.62mm ShKAS 900rpg
2*mg (nose) 7.62mm ShKAS 650rpg
Bombs 200kg
Rockets 4 or 6 RS-82

I-16 Type 18 by N.N.Polikarpov

24k b/w Type 18 with spinner removed, "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.493

New more advanced and powerful M-62 engine was designed by Arkadij D. Shvetsov team at Perm aero-engine factory (GAZ-19). Retaining the cubic capacity of M-25V, new engine was equipped with two-stage supercharger, gaining 225hp of power on expense of 46kg extra weight.

20k Type 18 on skis, force landed on Finnish soil during The Infamous War. In April 1941 aircraft was transferred to Luftwaffe for evaluations, see Aircraft of the Finnish Air Force in the World War II

M-62 was rushed to production, and in early 1939 it was fitted to the I-16 Type 10 airframe. AV-1 automatic propeller (differed by larger blunt spinner and wide chord blades) was fitted. Other new external features included additional air intake on top of the engine cowling and paired exhaust stacks in the lower cooling/exhaust ports.

Thanks to the more powerful engine engine and advanced propeller, Type 18 had a considerable increase in performance, specially speed and ceiling. Handling also became better, aircraft was more stable on sharp loops and turns than all predecessors. Landing also was easier. The only parameter to suffer was range (due to more consuming engine), but problem was solved by provision of external underwing fuel tanks (developed on the I-16 Type 20 testbed).

Despite series production, the I-16 Type 18 remained and interim variant to keep production busy until arrival of more advanced M-63 engine.


I-16 Type 10

I-16 Type 24
I-16 Type 27

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.496;
  • 'Polikarpov Fighters in action, Part 2' by Hans-Herri Stapfer.
  • See the I-16 Links Page

  • Created March 11, 1998 Back to
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