|Wing Load (kg/m2)||287|
|Power load (kg/hp)||4.9|
|Speed at m||km/h|
|Maximum Service Ceiling||7600m|
To replace aging Il-14 and An-26 on regional lines new generation passenger/cargo aircraft was designed. It is capable to operate under any climate and geographical conditions. Among ~20 tasks that may be fulfilled by Il-114 are:
Special modifications for transport (Il-114T) and border/marine guards are also offered for customers.
Il-114 may be used on under-equipped (including unpaved) airfields. Stairs for passengers are included into standard board equipment. Auxiliary powerplant provides all necessities for ground service. Service access to all systems is simplified, use of ladders is minimal. To guarantee service in harshest conditions, variety of anti-corrosion measures were taken. Flight safety is enhanced by modern fire extinguishing and de-icing systems.
Tricycle landing gear has increased base, what is helpful during high side wind takeoff, landing and taxi. Emergency gear extraction is possible, using gravity force and air flow.
High operational efficiency is provided by specially designed new wing (aspect ratio 11) with high degree of mechanization (flaps, ailerons, interceptors, airbrakes, compensators and trimmers). Tail controls of conventional scheme, re-designed after 1993 crash (see below) to allow reliable handling even in case one of engines is cut on the takeoff.
High efficiency engines are equipped with low-noise 6-blade propellers (3.6m diameter).
The cabin is fitted with newly designed seats, convenient hand baggage compartments and overhead panels providing dimmed light which creates a warm, comfortable atmosphere for passengers. Pressurizing / air conditioning system has two identical branches, one of which serves as a backup. Cargo and passenger sections (separated by movable wall) may be easily adjusted for each flight needs.
After some delays flight tests started in 1990 at LII). In 1993 the digital engine control system inadvertently commanded one propeller to feather just after take off on July 5th. The pilots couldn't compensate for the resultant yaw. Fatal crash followed, 3 of 8 crew-members killed.
Production (at Tashkent APO named after V.P.Chkalov) started in 1997, after CIS certified Il-114 in April. Version (export?) with PW-127-F engines (2570hp, 1200rpm) is under development since July 1 1997, certification is scheduled for 1999.
Price is about 12,000,000 USD.
|Created August 25, 1998
Modified January 25, 1999
with help of Andre Matter