Technical data
Type Il-18
Function Passenger transport
Year 1946
Crew 5...6
Engines 4*2300hp ASh-73
Length 29.86m
Wingspan 41.1m
Wing area 140.0m2
Empty weight 28490kg
Loaded weight 42500kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 304
Power load (kg/hp) 4.6
Speed at 0m 588km/h
Speed at 9000m (calculated) 565km/h with ASh-73TK
Landing Speed 170km/h
Range 2800km
Climb
5000m 8.0min
Payload
Fuel+Oil 7500kg
Seats 66
Cargo 9000kg

Il-18, S.V.Ilyushin

52k b/w Il-18 from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.379

The first aircraft to be named Il-18. Passenger/cargo for medium-to-long airlines, very similar by its type and characteristics to Tu-70. Pressurized fuselage of circular cross-section, engines without superchargers (not ready in time) rotated four-bladed propellers.

First flight took place on August 17, 1946 - three months ahead of the 'rival'. Preliminary trials were successful and ended on July 30, 1947. But at the time project was cancelled. Supercharged ASh-73TK engines, planned for the production model were not received. Most importantly, similar Tu-70 used 3/4 parts of the mass built Tu-4.

There also was more serious reason behind failure if the Il-18 (as well as its rival). Shortly after the War country could not afford large passenger aircraft, and demand of passenger transportations was well satisfied by fleet of smaller Li-2, Il-12 and Il-14.

Only ten years later Il-18 was 're-born' in form of new aircraft

PredecessorsModifications
None None

ReferencesLinks
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.379-380;
  • ....

  • Created February 15, 1999 Back to
    Main Gate