|Weights and loads|
|Wing Load (kg/m2)||?|
|Power load (kg/hp)||3.86|
|Cargo (assault troops)||5000kg|
|Cabin size LxWxH (m3)||17.4x3.1x2.8|
Until the modern Ka-60/62 appeared, the Ka-22 was the only non-coaxial helicopter built and flown by Kamov OKB. It was a heavy-lift machine, probably built to challenge M.L.Mil Mi-6, which was still under development in 1961.
For vertical takeoff and landing Ka-22 used horizontally-opposed main 4-blade rotors, mounted together with the D-25VK engines on the tips of tapered stub-wings. Horizontal cruise propulsion was provided by pair of small 4-blade tractor propellers, driven by the same engines. In horizontal flight lift was provided by both stub-wings and lift rotors, disconnected from the engines and operating in auto-rotation mode. Turbine exhaust jet pipes could be turned downwards to assist in takeoff as well. Though, the Ka-22 may be considered an airplane, helicopter and autogiro - all in one.
Essentially a transport machine, Ka-22 had rear loading fuselage with capacity of An-12 cargo aircraft. Flight desk was raised high above the glazed nose, providing crew with very good sight for landing at small openings.
First flight took place on April 20, 1960. Ka-22 was flown by D.K.Yefremov, V.M.Evdokimov, V.B.Alperovich, E.I.Filatov, Yu.I.Emelianov. its public appearance at 1961 Tushino Airshow attracted interest of the public, but little was heard about Ka-22 since the event.
Flown by D.K.Yefremov and V.V.Gromov, Ka-22 established number of records, still intact. On October 7, 1961 a speed record of 356.3km/h over 15-25km. On 100km circuit also record was established: 336.76km/h. Later in November - six weight lift records with a flight to 2,528m with 16,485kg payload.
|Bratukhin designs of 40's?||None|
|Modified May 16, 2000||Back to|