Technical data
Type M-9 M-9
Function Observation Observation
Trainer
Year 1915 1916
Engines 1*140hp Salmson 1*150hp Salmson
Crew 3 3
Length 9.0m 9.0m
Wingspan 16.0m 16.0m
Wing area 54.8m2 54.8m2
Empty weight 1060kg 1060kg
Loaded weight 1610kg 1540kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 29.4 28.2
Power load (kg/hp) 10.7 10.3
Maximum Speed 105km/h 110km/h
Flight Duration 5.0h 3.5h
Ceiling 3000m 3000m
Climb
1000m 13.0min 12.0min
2000m 35.0min 30.0min
Armament
Guns One machinegun or cannon (see text)

M-9, SchM-9, SchS, Hydro-9, D.P.Grigorovich/ S.S.Schetinin

28k photo from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.242

Very successful flying boat, similar to the M-5. The first M-9 was ready in December 1915, flight tests carried out in Baku until January 9, 1916.

It was reliable, was operational on waves 0.5m high, had above average handling. M-9 could be craned front the water to the ship. On September 17, 1916 pilot Ya.I.Nagurskij performed Nesterov Loop on the M-9, so it became The world first hydroplane to do it. Two loops were performed with a passenger. Among useful capabilities was landing on snow without special skis.

Unfortunately, full potential of M-9 was not used. Despite prototype had egg-shaped engine fairing. But on series M-9 it was deleted and never reappeared. Aircraft lacked rear protection, despite its load capacitance and layout allowed to add read gunner's cockpit without radical changes. Numerous requests of pilots and military officials to do so. Several attempts of pilots to install reward-firing machinegun under the wing had doubtful effect, and in 1917 aviators refused to fly without escort. M-9 started to operate protected by land-based 'Nieuport-17' or 'Nieuport-21'.

Armament included movable 'Vickers' machinegun in front cockpit. Sometimes 'Gotchkis' or 'Aerlikon' cannons were used. Some were equipped with radio.


During Civil War M-9 was used in cooperation with river combat ships and above the seas. One of biggest combats M-9 participated was the "air defence of Baku" (July-August 1918), when Red Army M-9 and M-5 carried out photoreconnaissance, artillery spotting, air combat and bomb raids, dropping 6000kg bombs and 160kg arrows.

M-9 was used for the fist experiments on sea shelve study. New oil fields were found near Baku.


About 500 built, some did not enter service due to 'disturbances' in 1917.

Predecessor(s)Modification(s)

M-5

M-15
M-19
M-23
M-23bis


References:
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.242;

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  • M-9 (Estonian)

  • Modified October 30, 1997 Back to
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