Technical data
Type MiG-3
Function fighter
Year 1941
Crew 1
Powerplant (1)
Type AM-35A AM-38
Power (takeoff, hp) 1350 1600
Power (nominal, hp) 1200 1500
Size (m)
Wing Span 10.20
Length 8.26
Height 3.50
Wing Area 17.44m2
Weights (kg) and Loads
Empty 2699 2582
Takeoff 3350 3225
Speed (km/h)
at 0m 505 547
at 7800m 640 -
at 3400m - 502km/h
Ceiling (m)
Operational 12000 9500
Climb (min)
5000m 5.7 7.95
Range (km)
Tactical 1250 n/a
Armament
Guns 1(3)mg*12.7mm UBS 300rpg

2mg*7.62mm ShKAS 750rpg
Bombs 200kg (2*FAB-100 or 2*FAB-50)
another 200kg (2*FAB-100 or 4*FAB-25) could be switched for rockets
Rockets 6*RS-82

MiG-3 / I-63(?), A.I.Mikoyan/M.I.Gurevich

Photo (14k) from Air Force Herald magazine article;
12k b/w drawing by I.G.Soultanov from "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.232;

Development of the MiG-1 with only minor differences (but quite different in handling). To cure poor spin performance of the MiG-1, automatic slats were added. No other country had such a high-speed high-altitude interceptor in service, and even Luftwaffe was taken by surprise when some its high-altitude reconnaissance planes were lost to unknown Soviet fighter.

MiG-3 was almost perfectly suited for their designated role, but well known events of 1941 forced pilots to play on the wrong field as a replacement for conventional fighters or even ground attackers. It was a forced misuse of good high altitude interceptor with limitations in low altitude performance. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War (what was the WWII for Soviet people) many MiG's pilots rammed German bombers after running out of ammunition - often the order was "to stop bombers by any means".

All were equipped with protected fuel tanks, with neutral gas filling. This somewhat 'cushioned' other low altitude deficiencies.

3322 MiG-3 were built. Aircraft was in service almost until the end of the war - thanks to exceptional easy maintenance, repairability and part compatibility. Generally from 2-3 unrepairable machines one flying could be assembled in the field conditions.



Predecessor:

MiG-1


Developments:
Ground attack (small batch) with 2 additional 12.7mm UB machineguns in the wings, out of propeller arc. Takeoff weight - 3510kg, one second salvo increased from 1.36kg to 3.56kg
MiG-7, powered with AM-37 engine.
Development MiG-9, IKh with M-82 radial engine
I-211, E with ASh-82FN radial engine;
MiG-3U, I-230, D cannon-armed, close to original 'Kh' project
I-231, 2D cannon-armed, all metal
I-220, A opens new branch with larger airframe


At the Monino AF Museum near Moscow; Photo (75k) by John Sloan, see Aviation Page by A. Gretchihine;

References:
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.231-235;

  • Related WEB Links:
  • Mig-1 and MiG-3
  • Salnik Andrej's Homepage
  • MiG-1/MiG-3 at Virtual Aircraft Museum
  • I-63, Mikoyan-Gurevich
  • MiG-3, Mikoyan-Gurevich at Emmanuel Gustin Index
  • MiG-3 at Michael Fletcher's Site;
  • Soviet Warbirds
  • Mikoyan and Gurevich MIG-3

  • Modified October 12, 1997 Back to
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