Technical data
Type MP-1 MP-1T MP-1bis
Function Passenger Cargo Passenger
Year 1934 1936 1937
Crew 2 2 2
Powerplant (1)
Type M-17 M-34N
Power 500hp 750hp
Size (m)
Length 13.5
Height 5.42 5.02
Wingspan 19
Wing area 55m2
Weights (kg) and Loads
Empty 2640 2525 3120
Loaded 4100 4100 5185
Wing Load (kg/m2) 77.8 74.8 84.5
Power load (kg/hp) 8.2 8.2 6.2
Speed (km/h)
at 0m 214 202> 260
Landing 110
Landing 16sec
Takeoff 500m 30sec 550m 37sec
Range (km)
Practical 680 1500
Flight Endurance 4h
Ceiling (m)
Maximum 4720 3800 4675
Climb (min)
1000m 5.5 9.0 6.0
2000m 12.5 22.0 13.0
3000m 21.5 44.0 23.0
4000m 35.0 n/a 40.0
Fuel+Oil (kg) 515 540 1200+120
Seats 6 - 6
Cargo (kg) (luggage) 540 (luggage)

MP-1, MP-1bis, MP-1T, by G.M.Beriev

44k b/w MP-1 at Yalta haven, ready for Odessa. "Illustrated Encyclopedia of the TANTK G.M.Beriev aircraft" Vol.1 p.40;

Close-range naval reconnaissater MBR-2 entered production in civil configuration (see the story). It was the first Soviet passenger hydroplane with high degree of comfort. It was equipped with ventilation system, comfortable seats and even cabin paneling. Nicely colored, those planes served on Yalta-Odessa route.

Elimination of open gunners position and underwing hardpoints resulted in higher aircraft speed. No other external changes were introduced. Passenger variant MP-1bis was used for altitude record setting by female pilot Polina Osipenko:

Female crew (P.Osipenko, V.Lomako and V.Raskova) flew route Sevastopol-Kiev-Novgorod-Arkhangelsk for record non-stop flight. This was done 2 July 1938, covering 2416km in 10hours33min at average speed 228km/h.

45k b/w MP-1 of Glavsevmorput. It is not Yalta! "Illustrated Encyclopedia of the TANTK G.M.Beriev aircraft" Vol.1 p.40;

MP-1T (and later MP-1Tbis) were mostly retired reconnaissaters with removed weapons and rudimentary equipment for cargo operations. Served in Polar aviation as transport, aero-photography, ice and fish reconnaissance. Unlike the passenger variants, those usually carried extra weight and scars of repair, and performance was slightly worser.


TsKB-25 (MBR-2 prototype)

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.341-342;
  • "Illustrated Encyclopedia of the TANTK G.M.Beriev aircraft" Vol.1 p.14-58;
  • ....

  • Created June 22, 1999 Back to
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