Technical data
Type NB, 'T'
Function Bomber
Year 1944
Crew 5
Engines 2*1850hp ASh-82FNV
Length 15.3m
Height m
Wingspan 21.5m
Wing area 58.1m2
Empty weight 8843kg
Loaded weight (normal) 13800kg
Loaded weight (overload) 18550kg
Wing load (normal) 238
Wing load (overload) 319
Power load (normal) 3.73
Power load (overload) 5.0
Speed at 0m 445km/h
Speed at 5000m 510km/h
Landing Speed 122km/h
Landing Roll 570m sec
Takeoff Roll 660m sec
Range 3030km
Ceiling 6150m
Climb
Rate at 0m 7.1m/sec
5000m 12min
Payload
Fuel 2760kg
Armament
Guns 3*12.3mm UB
Bombs (normal) 2000kg
Bombs (overload) 5000kg

NB, 'T', N.N.Polikarpov


Aircraft was named NB for 'Nochnoj Bombovoz' (night bomb carrier) according to N.N.Polikarpov himself. 'T' was a official project designation. It was a high-wing twin-engine twin-tail monoplane, built with aim to replace the S.V.Ilyushin DB-3F. Polikarpov's bomber had same size as Ilyushin's, but it was better streamlined and carried substantially larger payload.

High wing (equipped with flaps and leading edge slats) allowed to carry large bombs inside (up to 5tons). NB's layout was highly praised by aircraft specialists as a perfect bomber layout. While normal takeoff weight was set at 12640kg, aircraft could be loaded up to 18850kg without risking airframe strength. Fuselage rigidity was provided by (quite sophisticated) internal wielded steel tube frame, surrounding very large bomb bay. Both fuselage and wing included steel, aluminum and wooden elements. This 'composite' approach allowed N.N.Polikarpov to minimize usage of deficit materials without degrading weight and structural strength. Even in overloaded configuration aircraft could withstand loads up to +6g.

Wing, for example, had strong steel main spur with aluminum walls. Center section had aluminum ribs and skin, while outer panels had wooden ribs and variable thickness plywood skin.

Originally designed to fly with air cooled 2000hp M-71 engine, it was actually flown with ASh-82A replaced later with ASh-82FNV. Engine cowling was equipped with electrically controlled adjustable intake and outlet. Electric motors were also used to operate trimmers and landing flaps, as well as main controls while flying with autopilot.

Barrel armament included three heavy UB machineguns: one fixed in the nose, one in each ventral and dorsal rear defence positions.

Aircraft was built at Fall 1943, and a long time was spent on refinement. NB was flown on May 23, 1944 with high altitude ASh-82FNV engines. Factory trials continued in August 1944. Performance was very promising, but with approach of the War end need in such a plane faded. Shortly after N.N.Polikarpov's death NB was abandoned.


PredecessorsModifications
None

ReferencesLinks
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.190-191;
  • "Russian aircraft since 1940" by Jean Alexander, p.317-318;
  • NB(T), Polikarpov
  • Created January 25, 1996
    Modified August 17, 1999
    Back to
    Main Gate