Technical data
Type 'Samoliot'
Year 1909
Crew 1
Engines 1*10hp Bushe
Empty weight ~200kg
Loaded weight ~300kg

'Samoliot' by E.P.Sverchkov

48k b/w photo from the "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.39

Aircraft related to 'cyclogiro', named by author 'Samoliot' or 'Wheeled Ornitopter'. Lift force supposed to be created by wheels similar to ones used by steam ships. Paddles were spoon-shaped and their position was controlled by system of springs and eccentrics.

Wheels were dropable, supposed to support aircraft only before takeoff.

Aircraft was built very well, and won a medal on St.Petersburg Exposition of Modern Inventions (1909). But tests outcome was negative - 'Samoliot' not only failed to takeoff, it also failed to move.

Surprisingly, similar apparatus was proposed by German designer A.Rorbach as late as in 1935...

Sources :
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.39-40

  • Created June 25, 1997 Back to
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