|Engines||1*630hp Wright-Cyclone SGR 1820-F-2,
later 1*712hp Wright-Cyclone SGR 1820-F-3
|Wing Load (kg/m2)||97.9|
|Power load (kg/hp)||2.0|
|Speed at 0m|
351km/h with fixed skis
382km/h with retracted gear
|Speed at 3000m||437km/h|
|Speed at 5000m||413km/h|
|Guns||2*7.62mm PV-1 900rpg|
The TsKB-12bis development started well before the TsKB-12 was even flown, because designer saw limitations of the M-22 engine. New fighter differed by 3-blade Hamilton-Standard propeller and longer engine cowling.
Flown first time on February 18, 1934 by V.P.Chkalov, TsKB-12 demonstrated superior speed. But handling problem persisted, and often lowering of the landing gear required high-G maneuver.
During tests the TsKB-12bis crashed when landing gear collapsed. At the same time long waited 712hp Wright-Cyclone SGR 1820-F-3 engine arrived, and aircraft was rebuilt with this new powerplant. Engine cowling was now clearly tapered, equipped with nine forward-facing shutters and eight individual cooling/exhaust openings. Fraction of metal in wing covering was increased, resulting in more rigid wing with better performance. Propeller was two-blade Hamilton-Standard.
New aircraft was tested in September and October 1934. Red Army command realized that N.N.Polikarpov provided country with the best fighter in the World. Production started in 1935, but problems with M-25 mass production resulted in certain delays.
Modified engine cowling that appeared on the I-16 Type 5 series became common for all following modifications of the I-16, with only minor changes to accommodate new weapons and air intakes.
|Created January 25, 1996
Modified March 03, 1998