Technical data
Type Tu-2Sh
Function Ground attack
Year 1946
Crew 2
Engines 2*1460/1850hp ASh-82FN
Length 13.8m
Wingspan 18.86m
Wing area 48.8m2
Speed at 5800m575km/h
Landing Speed 160km/h
Range 2500km (calc.)
Ceiling 10065m (calc.)
5000m 9.0min (calc.)
Guns 1 defensive 12.3mm UBT
2*45mm NS-45 (nose)
2*37mm NS-37 (nose)
2*20mm ShVAK in the wing roots (150rpg)
Bombs 1000kg inside
plus up to 3000kg externally (overload)

Tu-2Sh attackers by A.N.Tupolev

56k b/w Tu-2 with 57mm RShR cannon at "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.175

Several ground attack variants of series series Tu-2 were converted for ground attack service. They were tested, but not enter production because Il-2 and later Il-10 did not require replacement until jet age.

The most unusual variant (flown and tested in 1944) carried 88 infantry PPSh sub-machineguns in the bomb bay, bringing concept of weapon designer A.V.Nadashkevich (first realized on TSh-1) into it final shape. All guns were fired simultaneously, providing devastating fire... but for very short time. In-flight reloading of 88 machineguns was too non-practical, and this concept was abandoned.

Another 1944 variant was intended for train busting. In addition to conventional weapons, it carried 75mm cannon. Reloading of the cannon was duty of navigator. Aircraft and its armament were tested, but no series followed.

In 1946 two-seater variant (single defensive UBT instead of three) was armed with two 45mm NS-45 and two 37mm NS-37 cannons placed in nose in addition to 20mm ShVAK guns in the wing root. Technical data of this aircraft is presented on this page.

57mm RShR anti-tank cannon replaced four cannons of previous two-seater aircraft late in 1946. Long barrel of the cannon is clearly visible on the picture. To improve landing/takeoff handling, landing gear was moved forward by 125mm. State trial were completed on February 28, 1947.

No production followed.


Tu-2 61 ANT-61

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.177;
  • More Tu-2 modifications

  • Created on August 14, 1998 Back to
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