||4*14795hp Kuznetsov NK-12M|
is in many respects an unlikely aircraft. It is an heavy bomber with a slender
fuselage, swept wings, and four extremely powerful turboprop engines driving
counter-rotating propellers - more than enough for the West not to take it
serious at first.
This Bear-C (55k) was borrowed (hijacked) at Russian Aircraft Resource
periodic exposition by Roy Cochrun
But more than 30 years after its first appearance, it was still in production as a maritime patrol aircraft and cruise
Original 'Bear-A' was a free-fall bomber and carries only small radar under nose.
'Bear-B' has the 'Top Crown' radar under nose and refueling probe in front of cockpit;
'Bear-C' is a dual recco and bomber version. Differs from 'Bear-B' by having blisters on both sides of the rear fuselage. Capable
to carry AS-3 'Kangaroo' under belly.
'Bear-D' with 'Mushroom' chin radar and the enormous 'Big Bulge' under the belly is a general purpose maritime version.
'Bear-E' maritime recco version similar to "Bear-A' but has refueling probe, rear blister fairings and cameras in the weapon bay.
'Bear-F' is an anti-submarine version with smaller under-belly radar than one of 'Bear-D'. It also features extended forward
fuselage and MAD projection from the tailfin.
'Bear-G' looks like 'Bear-B/C' but subsonic 'Kangaroo' is replaced by supersonic air-surface AS-4 'Kitchen'.
'Bear-H' is the new-build cruise missile (AS-X-15) carrier. It has radar similar to the 'Top Crown' of the 'Bear-B/C'.
Air force designation(s)
Tu-114 - civil development;
Tu-114D/Tu-116 - VIP airliner;
Tu-96 with NK-16 engine.
Tu-119 with nuclear reactor power plant.
- the first Soviet AWACS aircraft with more capacious fuselage;
(337) Tu-95MS 'Bear-H' at the RAF Fairford, photo by
More Tu-95 links...
at the Virtual Aircraft Museum
Yanko's Russian Weapons Catalog; (added 8/18/97)
Tu-95, Tupolev 'Bear'