Participant of WW-I, during the Civil War was a commander of 4th Donetsk Army, Revvoensovet member with the 1st, 8th, 14th armies (South Group of armies, Eastern and Turkestan Fronts).
P.I.Baranov also was a head of Osoaviakhim aviation sector.
Strong supporter of air-sailing sport and 'small-engine' (now general) aviation, he was one of aviation-specialized education in the USSR. Founding of the Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), Kharkov Aviation Institute (KhAI) and Kazan viation Institute (KAI) was his initiative.
Killed in aircraft accident near Podolsk.