General Information
Type Yak-7B M-105PF Yak-7B M-105PF N°31-01
Function Fighter Experi- mental
Year May 1942 May 1943
Crew 1 1
Powerplant
Type M-105PF
Takeoff Power 1240hp
Power at 0m 1180hp
Size
Length 8.5m
Wingspan 10.0m
Wing area 17.15m2
Weights and loads
Empty (kg) 2490 2528
Loaded (kg) 3010 3048
Wing Load (kg/m2) 176 178
Power load (kg/hp) 2.49 2.52
Speed (km/h)
at 0m 531 547
at 1600m 567 ?
at 4000m 588 612
Landing 144 145
Maneuverability
Turn time (sec) 19 19
Roll (m)
Landing 620 540
Takeoff 435 350
Range (km)
at 0.9 of the max.speed 645 700
Ceiling
Max (m) 9900 10000
Climb (min)
5000m 5.4 4.7
Combat turn 1000m 1100m
Payload (kg)
Fuel 305
Armament
Gun Type ShVAK
Position Through the hub
Ammo 120
Gun Type 2*UBS
Position Engine cowling
Ammo 260+140
Salvo 2.72 (kg/sec)

Yak-7B fighter with M-105PF engine, A.S.Yakovlev

Late production Yak-7B, "Soviet Combat Aircraft of the Second World War", p.136 Vol.1
Courtesy of Thomas Heinz

T

his fighter was the first one of the Yak-7 family equipped with supercharged engine. Actually, the M-105PF engine differed from M-105PA predecessor by increased (re-adjusted) from 910 to 1050mm.Hg carburetor pressure. To ensure reliable operation of the engine, pistons were reinforced and carburetor was modified. Trials of aircraft with this new engine were so encouraging, that government ordered V.Ya.Klimov to switch urgently all production lines to the modified powerplant.

First aircraft to fly with new engine was series Yak-7B N°22-41. Aircraft was tested at NII VVS, on May 30 to June 9 1942. Test team included pilots P.Ya.Fedrovi (OKB), A.N.Lazarev (Factory N°153), test-engineers A.T.Stepanets, K.V.Pouzanov, A.G.Aronov (NII VVS), S.D.Evdolikov, P.S.Limar (LII) et al.

Trials conclusion was positive:

Experience of the Yak-7B M-105PA front line service resulted in yet another package of introduced modifications:

Armament of new Yak-7B was identical to one of the Yak-7B M-105PA. Cockpit equipment and ergonomic, at the same time, were substantially improved. Finally, cockpit of the Yakovlev fighter reached the world standards for its class.

Yak-7B's, probably at the factory airfield. "Soviet Combat Aircraft of the Second World War", p.136 Vol.1
Courtesy of Thomas Heinz

As a result of all changes, the center of gravity of the Yak-7B M-105PF moved forward. Aircraft became more stable, but landing became more complicated. It was not possible to use wheel brakes to the full advantage, and typical landing roll became longer. During the ground engine trials, ground crew had to hold down the tail to prevent noseover. To cure those shortcomings, serious airframe redesign was required. But at this time Yakovlev OKB was already working on new Yak-9 fighter, and production-built Yak-7B's were not modified.

Unsolved problems of the engine overheat did not allow to use increased engine power to the full advantage, especially during the climb. Uneven fuel consumption from the port and starboard tanks was solved only in 1943 by providing pilot with 3-way valve. Insufficient range and quality of radio equipment was gradually cured by wire shielding and connecting all metal parts together to form better 'ground'.

In 1943 production batch of 13 aircraft was studied at the Novosibirsk Plant. Weight was found with 16kg margin (depending on the armored glass installation and other minor variations). Speed variation was within +/-10km/h of average, depending mostly on the variations in the engine tuning.

Also in the 1943 Yak-7B N°31-01 of 31st batch was modified to achieve maximum performance. Following changes were done:

Trials of this experimental plane continued until May 15. Performance improved substantially. Installation of exhaust stacks suggested by NII VVS added extra 8km/h to the aircraft speed compared to ones proposed by Yakovlev OKB. Hiding of the antenna inside the fuselage cut the communication range by unacceptable 50%, and was rejected.

Yak-7B M-105PF was built at two factories:

Aircraft built at Moscow were 25 to 30kg heavier and 15km/h slower. Total production of this type was 5120 aircraft. First seen in combat in August 1942 near Stalingrad.

In December 1942 at the 45thIAP (F.I.Shinkarenko, North-West Front) Yak-7B M-105PF were modified same way as the Yak-1 was: upper fuselage cut down behind the cockpit and new tear-shaped canopy fitted. Improved pilot's view resulted in win/loss ratio gain.

Flown by many Soviet aces - among them twice Heroes of Soviet Union A.Vorozeikin (52 victories), I.Stepanenko (41 victories), P.Pokrishev (31 victories) and E.Savitski (24 victories).

PredecessorsVariants

Yak-7B M-105PA

Yak-7PD

Yak-7D M-105PF
Yak-7P
Yak-7B M-105PF PVO Yak-7B M-105PF with AFA-IM  
References
  • "Yak fighters of the Great Patriotic War period"
  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.2 p.197-198;
  • "Russian Civil and Military aircraft 1884~1969" p.121
  • "Soviet Combat Aircraft of the Second World War"
  • "Russian aircraft since 1940" pp.424-426
  • 'Yak fighter in action' pp.24-30
  • TsAMO, f.NII VVS, op.4885655, d.11, 111, 113
  • Links
  • Yakovlev Yak-7B
  • Yakovlev Yak-7B
  • Yakovlev Yak-7
  • Yak Fighters
  • Yak Fighters
  • Fighters of Soviet-German front, 1st half of 1943

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